India: Piezoelectric Effect Special Electro-Active Nanoparticles Can be Used in Sensors
Indian scientists have come up with a new method to induce the piezoelectric delta-phase in polymer nanoparticles. This would make it useful for applications in touch sensors, acoustic sensor, piezoelectric nanogenerators and also holds potential for applications in the health care industry.
New Delhi/India – The scientists have achieved δ-phase in PVDF nanoparticles at lowest possible electric field till date – 103 times lesser electric field than the conventional method. This makes the finding more convenient for application-based commercial technologies. This work has been published recently in the journal ‘Applied Physical Letters’.
“The new method not only provides an excellent way to induce the piezoelectric δ-phase in PVDF under lowest possible electrical field till date but also enables controlling the morphologies of the nanostructures in a single step process. So, this work would open up possibilities of use of nanotechnology in this field and would open more possibilities to explore further on the application of the delta phase, which was earlier stuck due to requirement of higher electric field. In addition, it was limited to only film-based samples. So, we would score it 10/10 in terms of novelty and existing technology that we proposed,” said Dr. Mandal.
The application-based possibilities were earlier due to the requirement of high electric field. Moreover, the applications were limited to film-based devices. The current findings go beyond this and explore this phase with the new processing technique at room temperature as well as different nanostructures fabrication of this phase.
As a proof of concept, the INST team has also shown a few applications in pressure mapping sensor, acoustic sensor, and as a piezoelectric energy harvester. A piezoelectric nanogenerator was also fabricated to demonstrate the application of piezoelectric properties of these nanoparticles, and its practical applications as pressure mapping sensor, acoustic sensor, and energy harvesting studies were performed.
The high acoustic sensitivity of the device also indicates the detection ability of acoustic noises, speech signals, respiration motion, thus widening its technological applicability. Besides this, the INST team also noticed the anti-fibrillizing effect when the δ-phase comprising PVDF nanoparticles were utilized, which is very essential to protect diseases like Alzheimers, thus creating opportunities for emerging futuristic applications in the health care sector.