Norway: Microplastics Molluscs in Nordic Waters Suffer from Plastics Pollution
An extensive Nordic research project has looked at microplastics in marine bivalves from 100 sites spread throughout much of the Nordic waters. The study showed that microplastics were found in 4 of the 5 bivalve species investigated, and that there was a huge variation in the occurrence and type of microplastics.
Oslo/Norway — A first-of-its-kind study carried out by the Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) on behalf of the Norwegian Environment Agency (Miljødirektoratet), and in cooperation with institutions from all Nordic countries, examined a large number of samples of bivalves from the Nordic waters.
The results showed a large variation of particle types including plastic fibers and fragments, as well as rubbery particles. The many types indicate multiple sources and different transport pathways to the marine environment. Examples of plastic polymers included polyethylene, polypropylene, polyacrylate, polyvinyl chloride, polydimethylsiloxane and epoxy plastics, as well as additives to synthetic rubber products.
The purpose of the study was to map the occurrence of distribution and type of microplastics in Nordic marine waters, and trace possible sources using bivalves (e.g. mussels) as the indicator organism group. In addition, the study was to assess the usefulness of using bivalves for such a study.
The findings indicate that three bivalve species were suitable as indicator species to monitor microplastics in the Nordic marine environment: blue mussel (Mytilus spp.) in most of the coastal areas of the Nordic waters, Baltic clam (Limecola balthica) in the Baltic Sea, and another clam, Abra nitida, along parts of the Norwegian coast.
This extensive study has shown that bivalves from urban and harbour areas contained microplastics. In samples from Greenland, Svalbard and Faroe Islands microplastics were not found above the limit of detection, which could be attributed to small sample size from these areas. The highest concentration of microplastics were found in the Oslofjord and the Oslo harbour area (Færder and Akershuskaia).
Reference: Bråte, I.L.N., Hurley, Ra., Lusher, A., Buenaventura, N., Halsband, C., Green, N., (2020): Microplastics in marine bivalves from the Nordic environment. Norwegian Environment Agency publication series M-1629|2020. Nordic Council of Ministers, TemaNord report TN2020:504.