Southern small-leaved oak forests are the habitats with a higher level of spider endemism in the Iberian Peninsula. A new study analyses the factors that affect biodiversity patterns of spider communities in the national park network of Spain, and explains the role of the environmental factors in the distribution of the biodiversity of this faunistic group in the peninsular territory.
The European project RES Urbis (Resources from Urban Bio-waste), showed that different biowaste produced in an urban environment can be treated within the same chain of valorisation. It can be used to obtain products with biological origins, such as bioplastics, with a higher economic value than that of compost and biogas.
A new article published in the journal Scientific Reports shows that 44 % of the colonies of Didemnum vexillum — a marine invertebrate tagged as invasive species — in the Ebro Delta are formed by gene chimera, that is, cells with different gene pool.
Some corals can recover after massive mortality episodes caused by the water temperature rise. This survival mechanism in the marine environment — known as rejuvenation — had only been described in some fossil corals so far.
Abandoning exotic pets is not only an ethical issue. It can also lead to biological invasions that threaten conservation of biodiversity in the environment. An article published in the journal Biological Invasions, reveals that the release of invasive species in the environment has not been reduced despite the regulation that prohibits the possession of these species since 2011.
A study, published in Journal of Neuroscience, shows that white matter connectivity, the tissue through which the different areas in the central nervous system communicate, is essential to understand why we like or dislike music. Also, it shows that brain reward structures have to work with perception structures so that people enjoy music.
Researchers from the Institute of Neurosciences of the University of Barcelona (UBN euro) have identified a potential therapeutic strategy to treat Alzheimer’s. According to the researchers, their results are a step forward in the understanding of the physiology of astrocytes, and they bring the chance to use this type of cells in therapeutic ways to treat Alzheimer’s.
A malignant tumor is characterized by its ability to spread around its surroundings. To do so, tumor cells stick to the surrounding tissue (mainly collagen) and use forces to propel. Spanish scientists now revealed the forces these tumor cells use to spread.
A team of the Department of Inorganic and Organic Chemistry and the Institute of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry of the UB (IQTCUB), together with a research group of biological chemistry of the University of Oxford, have synthetized carbohydrates with enzymes.
A team of the Institute of Neurosciences of the University of Barcelona has participated in the design of the first light-activated drug –the JF-NP-26, for the treatment of pain, according to a research with animal models published in the journal elife.