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UK: iPSC-Derived Microglia Axol Bioscience Developed New Stem Cell Type for Treatment of Neurodegenerative Diseases

Editor: Alexander Stark

Axol Bioscience is launching a new line of Human induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC)-derived Microglia for the consistent and reproducible study of neuroglia and their involvement in neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.

Microglia are commonly described as the immune cells of the brain, with key roles in brain development, neurogenesis, synaptic plasticity and homeostatic maintenance.
Microglia are commonly described as the immune cells of the brain, with key roles in brain development, neurogenesis, synaptic plasticity and homeostatic maintenance.
(Source: Axol Bioscience)

Cambridge/UK — Microglia are commonly described as the immune cells of the brain. Human iPSC-derived Microglia offer scientists the opportunity to integrate this clinically important cell type into their in vitro models and assays of neurogenesis and neurodegeneration. Axol generates physiologically relevant Human iPSC-derived Microglia from a single donor with a normal karyotype, providing a homogenous population that is assay-ready in just four days.

The variability associated with traditional microglia cell lines, together with limited availability, poses significant challenges for pharmaceutical and biotech companies developing novel therapeutics to treat neurodegenerative diseases. Yichen Shi, Chief Executive Officer, Axol Bioscience argues that the launch of Human iPSC-derived Microglia would provide scientists with a reproducible, physiologically relevant model in an easy-to-use, assay-ready format for investigating neuroglia involvement in neurodegeneration and neurodevelopment.

The homogenous and reproducible population of the Human iPSC-derived Microglia exhibits physiologically relevant functionality with highly phagocytic activity and secretion of cytokines in response to pathogens. Axol’s Human iPSC-derived Microglia also express the microglia-specific marker Transmembrane protein 119 (TMEM119) along with myeloid markers Triggering Receptor Expressed on Myeloid cells 2 (TREM2) and Ionised Calcium Binding Adaptor molecule-1 (IBA-1). The expression of these phenotypes means the Microglia provide a suitable model for investigating neuroinflammation in Alzheimer’s disease, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.

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